These days, we have many kinds of antibiotics. We have more choices and use them more freely than in the past. The first antibiotic, penicillin, was discovered by a French medical student, Ernest Duchesne, in 1896. When penicillin became widely available during the Second World War, it was a medical miracle, because at the time many soldiers were killed by infectious wounds. Penicillin was assumed to be a good medicine, so it was used far and wide. After that, some bacteria could resist penicillin. The first bacteria to resist penicillin was staphylococcus aurous. This bacteria is common in the human body, so it caused more problems. From that time on, we needed other antibiotics which resisted bacteria and we increased the doses to control infections. Also, many kinds of bacteria became easily resistant to antibiotics. Consequently, resistance to antibiotics spread fast and it caused many problems. There are several effects from the overuse of antibiotics in humans such as, weakened immune system, dose need to be increased, and it becomes more difficult to treat infectious diseases.
Antibiotic resistance can cause immune systems to weaken. When we use antibiotics, they attack bacteria. Medical staff thinks that antibiotics work well and can cure infections, so they keep using them. However, if you use them for a long time, you can create a resistance to antibiotics. If you become resistant, the antibiotics can attack your body, because your body was fighting the bacteria for so long that the immune system might be weak. Finally, they might not work at all anymore and they could cause functional problems in your immune systems.
A second effect of antibiotic resistance is that people need to increase their dose of antibiotics. We use minimal doses of antibiotics at first and they work. However, the effects will disappear gradually if you use them for a long time. Therefore, we need to increase the doses of the antibiotics. Eventually antibiotics might not work anymore. While you use antibiotics, the bacteria can become resistant. Consequently, we need to use different stages of antibiotics to kill bacteria and we might need more than one kind of antibiotic and a higher dose.
Another possible effect of resistance to antibiotics is you develop multiple because antibiotics have similar structures. You can also develop multiple antibiotic resistances. In this case, controlling the infection will be difficult because the bacteria will be resistant to many kinds of antibiotics and your immune system can’t support itself.
These days, many kinds of antibiotic are made to control resistance to antibiotics, but bacteria are stronger than before. People will have serious infections and there is an increased risk of death. Most importantly, we need to use careful when we have infections. We think that antibiotic abuse cause resistance antibiotic. However, we don’t know how we can protect ourselves from them. Actually, we may not protect but we should prevent it. There are several ways to prevent antibiotic resistance. You must avoid antibiotics even if you have an infection. If you don’t have a serious infection, your immune system will treat naturally, and so you just need to eat a balanced diet and rest. Also, you can use naturopathy as alternative medicines. If you use them with direct from medical staff, they can help you improve your health without antibiotics. Also, we need to educate people about antibiotic resistance, so they can avoid it and use antibiotics properly.